Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance Funds under the State Formula Grant and the Outlying Area Grant programs are 1-year grants; the discretionary grants under the Native American program are for up to 5 years, subject to the availability of appropriations.
Formula and Matching Requirements
State grants will be issued on a formula basis based partly on the count of LEP students and the count of immigrant children. Eighty percent of the funds will be computed based on the State's portion of the LEP count as compared to the total LEP count for all States, and twenty percent will be computed based on the state's portion of the immigrant children count as compared to the count for all States. Outlying area grants will be issued on a formula basis based on the number of LEP students in the particular outlying area as compared to the LEP count for all of the outlying areas. Native American institutions will be issued discretionary grants based on an analysis of the budget request.
A formula may be based on population, per capita income, and other statistical factors. Applicants are informed whether there are any matching requirements to be met when participating in the cost of a project. In general, the matching share represents that portion of the project costs not borne by the Federal government. Attachment F of OMB Circular No. A-102 (Office of Management and Budget) sets forth the criteria and procedures for the evaluation of matching share requirements which may be cash or in-kind contributions made by State and local governments or other agencies, institutions, private organizations, or individuals to satisfy matching requirements of Federal grants or loans.
Cash contributions represent the grantees' cash outlay, including the outlay of money contributed to the grantee by other public agencies, institutions, private organizations, or individuals. When authorized by Federal regulation, Federal funds received from other grants may be considered as the grantees' cash contribution.
In-kind contributions represent the value of noncash contributions provided by the grantee, other public agencies and institutions, private organizations or individuals. In-kind contributions may consist of charges for real property and equipment, and value of goods and services directly benefiting and specifically identifiable to the grant program. When authorized by Federal legislation, property purchased with Federal funds may be considered as grantees' in-kind contribution.
Maintenance of effort (MOE) is a requirement contained in certain legislation, regulations, or administrative policies stating that a grantee must maintain a specified level of financial effort in a specific area in order to receive Federal grant funds, and that the Federal grant funds may be used only to supplement, not supplant, the level of grantee funds.